Getting to the heart of the matter: diagnostic tools and therapeutic approach to cardiac involvement in Behçet syndrome A Tunisian case series

  • A.S. Hammami | hammamiahmedsami@gmail.com Department of Internal Medicine, Geriatric Unit, Hospital Fattouma Bourguiba of Monastir, Monastir, Tunisia; Biochemistry Laboratory, LR12ES05 LR-NAFS Nutrition - Functional Food and Vascular Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Monastir, Monastir, Tunisia. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6585-6040
  • M. Jellazi Department of Internal Medicine, Geriatric Unit, Hospital Fattouma Bourguiba of Monastir, Monastir, Tunisia. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4844-9539
  • S. Arfa Department of Internal Medicine, Geriatric Unit, Hospital Fattouma Bourguiba of Monastir, Monastir, Tunisia.
  • S. Daada Department of Internal Medicine, Geriatric Unit, Hospital Fattouma Bourguiba of Monastir, Monastir, Tunisia.
  • K. Ben Hamda Department of Cardiology, Hospital Fattouma Bourguiba of Monastir, Monastir, Tunisia.
  • A. Achour Department of Radiology, Hospital Fattouma Bourguiba of Monastir, Monastir, Tunisia.
  • S. Ouali Department of Internal Medicine, Geriatric Unit, Hospital Fattouma Bourguiba of Monastir, Monastir, Tunisia; Biochemistry Laboratory, LR12ES05 LR-NAFS Nutrition - Functional Food and Vascular Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Monastir, Monastir, Tunisia. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0699-4988

Abstract

The aim was to investigate the frequency and spectrum of cardiac involvement (CI) in patients with Behçet syndrome (BS) in the Tunisian context, and to assess the clinical and imaging features, treatment, and outcomes. We retrospectively retrieved the medical records of patients with CI among 220 BS patients admitted to the hospital internal medicine department between February 2006 and April 2019, who fulfilled the International Study Group diagnostic criteria for BS. Ten patients (8 men, 2 women) were eligible for the study. Mean age was 37.3 years. Three patients had 2 isolated episodes of cardiac BS. The different types of CI were coronary artery disease (5/10), intracardiac thrombus (4/10), pericarditis (1/10), myocarditis (1/10), and myocardial fibrosis (1/10). Five patients had associated vascular involvement (50%). Medical treatment was based on corticosteroids and colchicine in all patients (100%), anticoagulants in 8 (80%), and cyclophosphamide followed by azathioprine in 9 (90%). The clinical course was favorable in 9 patients; 1 patient died. CI remains an important feature of BS because of its association with increased risk of mortality and morbidity. Therefore, early screening and detection with imaging methods are paramount. Also, better cooperation between rheumatologists and cardiologists could improve outcomes.

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Published
2021-04-19
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Keywords:
Behçet syndrome, cardiovascular system, coronary artery disease, myocarditis, immunosuppressive agents.
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How to Cite
Hammami, A., Jellazi, M., Arfa, S., Daada, S., Ben Hamda , K., Achour, A., & Ouali, S. (2021). Getting to the <em>heart</em&gt; of the matter: diagnostic tools and therapeutic approach to cardiac involvement in Behçet syndrome A Tunisian case series. Reumatismo, 73(1), 32-43. https://doi.org/10.4081/reumatismo.2021.1369