Extra-articular rheumatoid arthritis

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E. Marcucci
E. Bartoloni
A. Alunno
M.C. Leone
G. Cafaro
F. Luccioli
V. Valentini
E. Valentini
G.M.C. La Paglia
A.F. Bonifacio
R. Gerli *
(*) Corresponding Author:
R. Gerli | roberto.gerli@unipg.it

Abstract

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease that mainly affects the joints, though a consistent proportion of patients may also display extra articular manifestations (EAMs). From rheumatoid nodules to interstitial lung disease, from cardiovascular events to vasculitis, the spectrum of EAMs encompasses various conditions with different prognoses. EAMs may also occur as first RA manifestation, therefore the coordination with other health professionals, including general practitioners, is needed. The aim of this article is to provide an overview on EAMs in RA with particular focus on the recognised risk factors and the available recommendations for managing them, as well as comorbidities in RA patients.


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